IN THE TANK – CLIMATE “CONTRARIANS” BLACKLISTED?
4 hours ago
"If Congress modestly raised the tax on gasoline (or transitioned to a tax on vehicle-miles traveled), it could repair the nation’s roads and bridges and build new bikeways and mass transit, as Congress is forever promising and failing to do."I have been saying that for years! As fleet mileage increases, and as they are more hybrids and electric cars, gasoline taxes return less revenue for what they are supposed to pay for. So the entire country (on a state-by-state basis, considering population and road/infrastructure maintenance needs) should transition to a system that is based on the miles traveled on the state's roads. We have the technology, either GPS or toll beacons, so it's not hard to implement. It needs to be.
"1950 (station established 1835). Active; focal plane 193 m (633 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 14.5 m (48 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower with lantern and double gallery, rising from the center of 1-story stone keeper's house.So here are four pictures (one historic) and a non-professional video.
The lighthouse was heavily damaged during the war ... This historic light station was recently restored with funds from the Spanish government, and the lantern was replaced with modern equipment by the Japanese government."
"If Congress modestly raised the tax on gasoline (or transitioned to a tax on vehicle-miles traveled), it could repair the nation’s roads and bridges and build new bikeways and mass transit, as Congress is forever promising and failing to do."The underlined part is what I do agree with the most. Because of the increase in availability of higher mileage vehicles, a gas tax is inequitable -- people who use more gas pay more taxes. All that needs to be figured out is how to measure road miles traveled. In this era of transponders and GPS, I would think that the miles a car travels on state roads and interstates. But the computing power to process all that data would of necessity be large, and would have to be pretty robust.
"Heavier precipitation is a signature of climate change. For every 1°F of temperature increase*, the atmosphere can effectively hold 4 percent more water vapor. So as the world warms from the increase in greenhouse gases, the amount of evaporation also increases from oceans, lakes, rivers, and soils. The extra water vapor is available to produce additional rain and snow, creating an environment ripe for heavy precipitation events ... "
"The lighthouse was built in 1867 and abandoned in the 1970s, however, was reopened in 2008 and currently hosts the Centre on Environment and Health of the Mediterranean Ecosystems and a multimedia Museum of the Sea. The lighthouse consists of a white stone cylindrical tower, 32 metres (105 ft) high, with balcony and lantern rising from a 2-storey white building. The lantern is positioned at 60 metres (200 ft) above sea level and emits one white flash in a 5 seconds period visible at 18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi) of distance."(If you think I'm not being faithful to the outstanding Lighthouse Directory, well, Wikipedia gets some of the information for their article from there.)
“This study exploits two independent sets of satellite observations by Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) and GPS radio occultation (RO).”
“The observations indicate a statistically significant global cooling in the middle stratosphere since 2001 at a mean rate of −0.14 to −0.36 K/decade and insignificant change in the lower stratosphere.”
“SSU operated on NOAA platforms from 1979 to 2006, i.e., covering more than 25 years. It provided invaluable global‐scale stratospheric temperature data; however, SSU data require special processing before it can be used in climate applications.”
“They found that over the more than three decades coverage period the stratosphere cooled with a rate of −0.1 to −0.2 K/decade at the lower stratosphere to ∼−0.5 to −0.6 K/decade in the middle and upper stratosphere, but the cooling slowed down in the period of 1998–2015 compared to the earlier one (1979–1997).”
“... this study demonstrates that the changes of radiative radiation due to CO2, ozone and water vapor are the main drivers of stratospheric cooling in both winter and summer. They contribute to the cooling changes by reducing the net radiative energy (mainly downward radiation) received by the stratospheric layer.”
“Finally, the anthropogenic response in the upper stratosphere gives rise to a cooling of ∼2–3 K over the 27‐year period, with two thirds of this attributed to GHGs, and one third to ozone depletion.”
“The total decreases in global mean temperatures found from the merged dataset were from 1.8K in the middle stratosphere to 2.4K in the upper stratosphere during 1979-2015.”
“The results show a cooling rate of 0.65 ± 0.11 (2σ) K decade−1 in the upper stratosphere above 6 hPa, approximately 0.46 ± 0.24 K decade−1 in two midstratospheric layers between 6 and 30 hPa, and 0.39 ± 0.32 K decade−1 in the lower stratosphere (30–60 hPa).”
“Linear trends over 1979–2015 show that cooling increases with altitude from the lower stratosphere (from ~−0.1 to −0.2 K decade−1) to the middle and upper stratosphere (from ~−0.5 to −0.6 K decade−1).”
"1866. Active; focal plane 102 m (335 ft); three white flashes every 15 s; also a red light, occulting once every 4 s, is shown over shoals to the east. 48 m (158 ft) octagonal brick tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 2-story keeper's house. ... The original first order lantern was replaced in 1954. Capo Santa Maria di Leuca is the tip of the Salento peninsula, so this historic lighthouse marks the western entrance to the Strait of Otranto and the Adriatic Sea."Four pictures are below. There are many pictures of it from the sea, but I couldn't find one that wasn't a stock photo.
|Let's swim to the lighthouse!|
"When Barack Obama was elected (another Democrat who said he wanted to bring people together), McConnell and his colleagues made a decision that they would work to deny Obama any victories, even if it meant doing demonstrable harm to the country. They would filibuster everything, slow confirmation of appointees to a crawl, shut down the government, threaten to default on America's debts, and find any legislative maneuver they could to throw sand in the gears. They were neither shy nor subtle in making clear that this is what they were doing."
"The lighthouse, built in 1868 and refurbished in 1908, consists of a quadrangular tower, 12 metres (39 ft) high, attached to the northern corner of the 2-storey keeper's house; both are painted white. The lantern and the lantern roof have an octagonal shape and are painted grey metallic. Though the lighthouse is automated and there is no keeper in service, the building accommodate the local office of the Guardia Costiera.Below are three pictures of the lighthouse. Here's a link to a short commercial video -- I can't embed the video here.
The light is positioned at 30 metres (98 ft) above sea level and emits a long white flash in a 6 seconds period, visible up to a distance of 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)."
"The pair celebrated Johnny's first birthday on January 3, with the model admitting as recently as September 2018 that she wasn't sure if she would have more children.In the article, she also models a lot of clothes and swimsuits. Which is just fine.
She told MailOnline: 'I think I’m so lucky, I have three healthy kids and I’ve got two girls and one boy, but no I don’t want another one...
'If it happens it wouldn’t be the end of the world, but going through what I went through being pregnant with Johnny it definitely does put me off a bit. It was quite a bad time but worth it in the end.' "